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Roberto Echandi


World Bank Group

Courses
Investment Law (24/04/2017 - 28/04/2017)

Biography

 

Ambassador Echandi undertook his doctoral and LL.M. studies in International Trade Law at the University of Michigan School of Law at Ann Arbor, Michigan; his M.Phil. in Latin American studies with emphasis in economic integration at the University of Oxford; Licenciado en Derecho, at the University of Costa Rica and specialized negotiation courses at the JFK School of Government at Harvard University.

Before being appointed Ambassador by President Oscar Arias in early 2007, for several years Ambassador Echandi was the Program Director of the Small Economy Trade & Investment Center (SETIC), Academia de Centroamerica, San Jose, Costa Rica. SETIC is a specialised program aimed at providing training, advisory services and research to small developing economies in the field of international investment, trade law and policy.

Since 1993 Ambassador Echandi has also been Professor of International Trade and Investment Law at the Diplomatic Institute "Manuel María Peralta" of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Costa Rica,

From October 2002 until January 2005, he was appointed by the Government of Costa Rica as Special Adjunct Ambassador for U.S. Trade Affairs. From this position at the Ministry of Foreign Trade of Costa Rica he participated in the negotiations of the US-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), process in which he was the Costa Rican lead negotiator in two negotiation groups, services and investment and trade capacity building.

Ambassador Echandi has also been Adjunct Professor of Law, Visiting Scholar and Fellow at the Institute for International Economic Law (IIEL) of the Georgetown University Law Center, at Washington D.C.. He has also served as Director-General for International Trade at the Ministry of Foreign Trade of Costa Rica, and as legal advisor to the Appellate Body Secretariat of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Geneva, Switzerland.

Ambassador Echandi has published several specialized books and articles in Costa Rica, the United States and Europe. His national and international publications have been focused on the legal and political economy dimension of investment issues, dispute settlement, trade in services and the evolution of the process of regional economic integration in the Americas. He has also participated as consultant and key note speaker in numerous seminars and conferences organized in the United States, Europe, Asia and Latin America by international organizations such as the OECD, the World Bank, UNCTAD, the Organization of American States, the Inter-American Development Bank and the WTO

Selected publications

 "Area de Libre Comercio de las Américas: Origen, Desarrollo y Perspectivas de las Negociaciones", in Ministerio de Comercio Exterior, Ciclo de Conferencias sobre Temas de Comercio Exterior -1995, (San Jose, 1995)

"The Uruguay Round Agreements: constitutional and legal aspects of their implementation in Costa Rica", in John H. Jackson & Alan Sykes (Eds) Implementing the Uruguay Round, Clarendon Press, (Oxford, 1997).

"El Tratado de Libre Comercio con México: una evaluación a 1998", in Ministerio de Comercio Exterior, Ciclo de Conferencias sobre Temas de Comercio Exterior -1998, (San Jose, 1998)

"Bringing Investment into the Aegis of the Multilateral Trading System", in Marco Bronckers & Reinhard Quick (Eds) New Directions in International Economic Law, Festschrift in Honor of Prof. John H. Jackson, Klewer Press, (The Hague, 2000).

"Regional Trade Integration in the Americas in the 1990s: Reflections on Some Trends and Their Implications for the Multilateral Trade System" in Journal of International Economic Law, Vol.4, 2001. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

"Regional Integration: Institutions and Trade Dispute Settlement in the Western Hemisphere" in Beyond Borders: the New Regionalism in Latin America, Report of Economic and Social Progress in Latin America, Inter-American Development Bank (Washington D.C., 2002)

"Free Trade Agreements open Market Place", in Inform, International News on Fats, Oils and Related Materials, American Oil Chemists' Society (AOCS), Vol.13, No.4 (Champaign, IL, April 2002)

"Investment Policy Review: the case of Costa Rica" in OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Caribbean Rim, OECD (Paris, 2004)

"State-to-State Trade Dispute Settlement: the Experience of the Central American Countries" Procedures" in Julio Lacarte y Jaime Granados (Eds) Inter-Governmental Trade Dispute Settlement: Multilateral and Regional Approaches Cameron May, (London, 2004)

"Tolerancia sí, desinformación no", in La República, June 26, 2004, (San José, 2004)

"Los compromisos específicos de Costa Rica en material de servicios de telecomunicaciones en el contexto del TLC entre Centroamérica y Estados Unidos" in Jornadas de Reflexión del TLC con Estados Unidos, Implicaciones del TLC en telecomunicaciones y seguros, Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR) (San Jose, 2004)

"Los seguros en el TLC: mitos y realidades", in La Nación, May 16, 2004 (San José, 2004)

Solución de Diferencias Comerciales entre Estados: La experiencia de los países centroamericanos, in J.Lacarte (Ed.) et .al. Solución de Controversias Intergubernamentales, Enfoques Multilaterales y Regionales, Inter.-American Institute for Trade Integration (BID-INTAL) (Buenos Aires, 2004)

"El tratamiento del comercio de servicios dentro del Tratado del Libre Comercio (TLC) entre Centroamérica y EEUU", Universidad Estatal a Distancia (UNED) (San Jose, 2005)

"Cómo leer el TLC", in Estudios Jurídicos sobre el TLC entre República Dominicana, Centroamérica y Estados Unidos, Asociación para el Estudio Jurídico del Tratado de Libre Comercio con EEUU (Ase-tlc), (San Jose, 2005)

"El capítulo de inversión en el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Centroamérica y EEUU",Universidad Estatal a Distancia (UNED) (San Jose, 2005)

"La apertura y el TLC: pasos necesarios para mejorar la universalidad y solidaridad en el suministro de las telecomunicaciones en Costa Rica", in Estudios Jurídicos sobre el TLC entre República Dominicana, Centroamérica y Estados Unidos, Asociación para el Estudio Jurídico del Tratado de Libre Comercio con EEUU (Ase-tlc), (San Jose, 2005)

"A General Overview of the Special and Differential Treatment (SDT) in the Context of the Dominican Republic, Central America and United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)", in OECD Global Forum on Trade: Special and Differential Treatment: Thinking Outside the Box", OECD, Paris, 2005.

"Bilateral Investment Treaties 1995-2005: Trends in Investment Rule-Making", UNCTAD, Geneva, Forthcoming publication.

Investor-State Dispute Settlement and Impact on Investment Rulemaking: The Asia-Pacific Perspective, UNCTAD, APEC, Secretaría de Economía de México, (2006)

A New Generation of International Investment Agreements in the Americas: Impact of Investor-State Dispute Settlement over Investment Rulemaking, Euro-Latin Study Network on Integration and Trade (ELSNIT), Paris, (October 2006).

Bilateral Investment Treaties 1995-2006: Trends in Investment Rulemaking,
UNCTAD, United Nations, Geneva (2006)

Investor - State Dispute Settlement and Impact on Investment Rulemaking, UCTAD, United Nations, Geneva (2007)

"Acuerdo de Asociación entre Centroamérica y la Unión Europea: Implicaciones a la Luz de la Política Exterior y Comercial de Costa Rica" in V Jornada Anual de la Academia Centroaméricana y la Unión Europea: Sus Tres Pilares, Academia Centroamericana, Friedrich Naumann Stiftung, San José (2008)

 

Secretaria del Estado de Turismo y Comercio Universitat de Barcelona Departament Economia i Finances de la Generalitat de Catalunya Ajuntament de Barcelona
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