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Arthur Appleton

Appleton Luff International Lawyers




Arthur E. Appleton, J.D., PhD is a Founding Partner of Appleton Luff – International Lawyers a boutique international trade and arbitration firm with offices in Brussels, Geneva, Singapore, Warsaw and Washington, D.C. Prior to forming Appleton Luff, Dr. Appleton was Counsel with White & Case and Of Counsel with Lalive & Partners.

Dr Appleton has more than 23 years of experience in the field of international trade (GATT/WTO) law dating back to the late 1980s when he advised a prominent Asian country during the Uruguay Round negotiations. He works with international businesses, sovereign States, international organizations and non-governmental organizations on international trade and arbitration matters and has appeared as lead counsel before the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization. His work has taken him to over 50 countries, including a large number of developing countries in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Latin America.

Dr Appleton teaches graduate classes in trade law at the University of Barcelona (IELPO), the World Trade Institute (Bern), and other prominent universities. He has published two books and more than 35 articles on trade and arbitration issues, and is a co-editor (with Patrick Macrory and Michael Plummer) of The World Trade Organization: Legal, Economic and Political Analysis, a multi-volume work that appeared in spring 2005.


Dr Appleton serves on the Board of Directors of the World Trade Institute, and on the Steering Committee of the International Trade Law Center of the International Law Institute (Washington, D.C.). He is also on the Editorial Board of Legal Issues of Economic Integration, the Advisory Committee of The Latin American Journal of International Trade Law, and is a past President of the Association of International Business Lawyers (Geneva). Dr Appleton has been recognized in the International Who’s Who of Trade and Customs Lawyers since the year 2000. 


Selected publications


- Appleton, A; Macrory, P; Plummer, M; ‘The World Trade Organization: A Legal, Political and Economic Analysis', May 2005, Springer.
- Appleton, A; ‘Environmental Labelling Programmes: International Trade Law Implications', 1997, Kluwer Law International.


Case C 40/08 Asturcom - EU Unfair Terms Law Confirmed as a Matter of Public Policy, Volume 28 ASA Bulletin 413-418 (2/2010) (with Bernd Graf).
• "A Lesson on Trade, Regulation and Competition Policy?" appearing in Achieving the 2019 Vision - 100th Anniversary of the Founding of the ICC 245-248 (2010).
• "Preliminary Thoughts on WTO Retaliation in the Services Sector," appearing in The Law, Economics and Politics of Retaliation in WTO Dispute Settlement, Chad P. Bown and Joost Pauwelyn (eds.), Cambridge University Press (forthcoming December 2009).
• "Transport Labelling: Protection or Protectionism," Swisscam Magazine (Swiss-Brazilian Chamber of Commerce (2009).
• Suspension of Concessions in the Services Sector: Legal, Technical and Economic Problems," International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) (2009).
• "Private Climate Change Standards and Labelling Schemes under the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade", appearing in International Trade on a Warming Globe: The Role of the WTO in the Climate Change Debate, 2007 World Trade Forum, World Trade Institute (Thomas Cottier, Olga Nartova and Sadeq Bigdeli, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2009).
• "European Communities - Trade Description of Sardines," La jurisprudence de L`OMC / The Case-Law of the WTO, Brigitte Stern and Hélène Ruiz Fabri (eds.), (chapter with Veijo Heiskanen, forthcoming 2010).
• "Supermarket Labels and the TBT Agreement: `Mind the Gap`", 4 Business Law Brief 10 (Issue 1), Washington College of Law, American University (Autumn 2007).
• "Freedom of Speech and Assembly versus Trade and Transit Rights: Roadblocks to EU and MERCOSUR Integration" 34 Legal Issues of Economic Integration 255 (with Bernd Graf, 2007).
• Elisa María Mostaza Claro v Centro Movil Milenium SL: EU Consumer Law as a Defence against Arbitral Awards (ECJ Case C-168/05), 25 ASA Bulletin 48 (Vol. 1), (with Bernd Graf, 2007).
• "DSU Decision-Making: Bridging the Perception Gap," in Ten Years Of Dispute Settlement in the WTO 73-92 (Horvitz, Moulis and Steger, eds.) International Bar Association, Trade and Customs Committee (chapter with Veijo Heiskanen, 2007).
• "Like a Rolling Stone: Developing Countries, Doha and the Future of the WTO", 5 International Law Review of Wuhan University 173 (2006).
• "Environmental Labelling Schemes Revisited: WTO Law and Developing Country Implications," reprinted in The WTO, Trade and Environment (Sampson and Whalley (Chapter 24, Edward Elgar Publishing, May 2005).
• "The Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement," chapter appearing in The World Trade Organization: A Legal, Political and Economic Analysis (2005)."Towards Remedies which Expand rather than Contract Trade," 5 The Journal of World Investment & Trade 349 (April 2004).
• "United We Stand," Legal Week Global 22-23 (January 2004).
• "The Doha Work Programme: Prospects for the WTOs Development Round," The Johns Hopkins University, Working Paper Series - The Bologna Center, Working Paper No. 1 (January 2004).
• "The Sardines Decision: Fish Without Chips?," Arthur E. Appleton and Veijo Heiskanen, Challenges and Prospects for the WTO 165 - 192, Cameron May (2005).
• "The Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement," UNCTAD Handbook on Dispute Settlement (2003).
"Environmental Labelling Schemes Revisited: WTO Law and Developing Country Implications," Trade, Environment, and the Millennium 234-266 (Sampson and Chambers, eds., 2nd edition) United Nations University Press (2002).
• "Domain Name Arbitrations: A Review of Selected Decisions," Arthur E. Appleton and Kamen Troller, ASA Bulletin 716 (4/2000).
• "Amicus Curiae Submissions in the Carbon Steel Case: Another Rabbit from the Appellate Body`s Hat?" 3 Journal of International Economic Law 691 (2000).
• "The Labeling of GMO Products Pursuant to International Trade Rules," 8 New York University Environmental Law Journal 566 (2000).
• Institute of International Public Law and International Relations of Thessalonica, "The World Trade Organization: Implications for Human Rights and Democracy," 19 Thesaurus Acroasium 415-460 (2000).
• "Environmental Labelling Schemes: WTO Law and Developing Country Implications," appearing in Trade and the Environment 195-221 (Sampson and Chambers, Eds.) United Nations University Press (1999).
• "Shrimp/Turtle: Untangling the Nets," 2 Journal of International Economic Law 477 (1999).
• "Telecommunications Trade: Reach Out and Touch Someone?" 19 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law 209 (1998).
• "GATT Article XX`s Chapeau: A Disguised `Necessary` Test? The WTO Appellate Body Ruling in United States - Standards for Reformulated and Conventional Gasoline,
• " 6 Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 131 (July 1997).
• "Fédération de l`industrie de l`huilerie de la CEE (`FEDIOL`) v. Commission des Communautés européennes," ECJ Case 70/87, 84 American Journal of International Law 258 (1990).
• "Dresser Industries: The Failure of Foreign Policy Trade Controls Under the Export Administration Act," 8 Maryland Journal of International Law and Trade 122 (1984).

Secretaria del Estado de Turismo y Comercio Universitat de Barcelona Departament Economia i Finances de la Generalitat de Catalunya Ajuntament de Barcelona